Richardson 2000 writing a method of inquiry definition

History[ edit ] s: The term autoethnography was used to describe studies in which cultural members provide insight about their own cultures.

Richardson 2000 writing a method of inquiry definition

Introduction It is not uncommon for those working in the domain of psychotherapy to borrow, sometimes quite heavily, from both psychological and sociological literature. Nowhere is this more evident than in the burgeoning field of narrative or discursive therapies.

Narrative and discursive therapies owe much to the widespread influence of Foucauldian theory and other post-structuralist thinkers across the social sciences over the last 20 years. Put succinctly, psychotherapy is often blamed for contributing to a problematic trend towards intensified processes of individualization, normalization, pathologization and de-politicization.

The notion that research participants might write, either as a replacement for or as an adjunct to speaking, challenges the privileged place interviewing occupies within qualitative inquiry, and parallels the way that writing as therapy challenges the presumption that it is talking that cures.

The realization that writing therapy may be as effective as talking therapies has resulted in an increased interest in the role it might play in psychotherapy: Traditionally, writing within the social sciences has been construed as an activity that transparently records the research process and research findings.

As such, writing is presented as the final step in a supposedly orderly research process, occurring well after the researcher-writer knows what they want to say; we "write up" already existing findings, rather than discovering our findings in the process of writing RICHARDSON,pp.

By writing in different ways, we discover new aspects of our topic and our relationship to it. Within post-structuralist theory, language is understood to operate productively rather than mimetically.


Thus, language is central to the social construction of social realities, including the "realities" we come to partially know through our research and writing. Once language is reconceived as a productive force, writing emerges as consequential activity.

Margaret Somerville This lecture asks: How can education research address the big questions of our time, and what has politics got to do with it?

Writing is simultaneously ontological and epistemological: Thus how we, as social scientists, write is critical both to the kinds of realities that are constructed and known, as well as to how we relate to that reality.

Of significance for my purposes is their use of the autobiographical genre, a genre which has grown in popularity over the last years, in part, because of feminist interest in personal experiences JOLLY, Different exemplars of autoethnography fall at different places along the continuum of each of these axes"p.

Speaking back to those within the social sciences who deride this form of scholarship, Art BOCHNER says, "[p]ersonal narrative is part of the human, existential struggle to move life forward.

They tend to draw a hard-and-fast distinction between therapy and social research, implying that narratives are useful only insofar as they advance sociological, anthropological or psychological theory. For these critics, narrative threatens the whole project of science.

Why should caring and empathy be secondary to controlling and knowing? Why must academics be conditioned to believe that a text is important only to the extent it moves beyond the merely personal?

At present, its use in the social sciences—and, therefore, its benefits—is largely confined to those sociologists who choose to write personally; participants are rarely granted a similar opportunity. However, the therapeutic power of writing should make it an attractive method of inquiry for researchers, like me, who are or want to be, investigating what it means for people to have been subjected to potentially harmful experiences for example, interpersonal violence.

While therapeutic outcomes may not be our primary aim as researchers it is, nevertheless, reassuring to know that the methods we use for interacting with research participants may have beneficial consequences see for example, ORTIZ, An additional attraction of writing as method, especially for feminist researchers, lies with its potential to contribute to productive change—individually through the research process and socially through our research products.

Having undertaken this background work, I move to specifically discuss how writing might be used as a method of sociological inquiry across several different research fields with which I am currently involved, namely, academic researcher identities and childhood experiences of corporal punishment.

That participant writing may have utility across such different domains is, I would argue, indicative of its potential to have a broad reach. As a technique, then, free-writing is thought to overcome the silencing effects of what is often called the "inner-critic" or "censor" BOLTON, Freed from the constraining effects of the "inner-critic," free-writing has been likened to "dropping a bucket into the well of the mind [and] pulling it up dripping to see what is there" BOLTON,p.

You might tie your topic to your relationships with others, including parents, lovers, friends, or relatives, to your past, your present, or your future, or to who you have been, who you would like to be, or who you are now.

You may write about the same general issues or experiences on all days of writing or on different traumas each day. Rape, family violence, suicide attempts, drug problems and other horrors were common topics. In each case, the experimental group is asked to write about a life-stressor, while the control group is asked to write about ordinary, everyday matters.

And almost invariably a significant proportion of the experimental group is found to have improved mental and physical health. To answer this question it seems important to consider, first, the social and cultural context within which the invitation to write about personal narratives occurs and, second, the social context of the expressive writing exercises.

Autoethnography - Wikipedia

Such a context minimizes social interactions: I could say what I liked, and unsay it, or say the opposite if I liked. There was always a danger in speaking to or being with a person, especially if they knew things.

Yet, in most instances we write with at least some concept of an audience, even if this audience is strictly limited as happens in expressive writing experiments. When writing is conducted under these circumstances it may be thought of as a much safer practice than speech BOLTON, a perception that undoubtedly encourages writers to give expression to highly personal matters.

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Writing also has its risks a point to which I will return shortly.Richardson () explains that "how we can write" about research "is tied to how a knowledge system disciplines itself and its members" and "its methods for claiming authority over both the subject matter and its members" .

Oct 02,  · 3. All this to say, then, that, Richardson offers a means of doing ethnography she calls Creative Analytic Practices (CAP).

These practices "display the writing process and the writing product as deeply intertwined; both are privileged.

Autoethnography - Wikipedia

The product cannot be separated from the producer or the mode of production or the method of knowing" (). It is not considered "mainstream" as a method by most positivist or traditional ethnographers, yet this approach to qualitative inquiry is rapidly increasing in popularity, as can be seen by the large number of scholarly papers on autoethnography presented at annual conferences such as the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, and the .

Thus, narrative analysis becomes explicitly a representation project and writing is considered a method of analysis (Richardson Richardson, L.

“ Writing: A method of inquiry ”. In Handbook of qualitative research, Edited by: Denzin, N. and Lincoln, Y. London: Sage. Title ~pp15F8 Created Date: /06/17 Richardson L Writing a method of inquiry In Denzin N K and Lincoln Y S Eds from ENGG at University of Notre Dame.

richardson 2000 writing a method of inquiry definition