They are normative insofar as they provide semantics for the UBL document schemas, but they should not be construed as limiting the application of those schemas.
Overview of Oracle Utilities Overview of Oracle Grid Architecture Grid computing is a new IT architecture that produces more resilient and lower cost enterprise information systems. With grid computing, groups of independent, modular hardware and software components can be connected and rejoined on demand to meet the changing needs of businesses.
The grid style of computing aims to solve some common problems with enterprise IT: Higher quality of service results from having no single point of failure, a robust security infrastructure, and centralized, policy-driven management. Lower costs derive from increasing the utilization of resources and dramatically reducing management and maintenance costs.
Rather than dedicating a stack of software and hardware to a specific task, all resources are pooled and allocated on demand, thus eliminating under utilized capacity and redundant capabilities. Grid computing also enables the use of smaller individual hardware components, thus reducing the cost of each individual component and providing more flexibility to devote resources in accordance with changing needs.
Grid Computing Defined The grid style of computing treats collections of similar IT resources holistically as a single pool, while exploiting the distinct nature of individual resources within the pool.
To address simultaneously the problems of monolithic systems and fragmented resources, grid computing achieves a balance between the benefits of holistic resource management and flexible independent resource control.
IT resources managed in a grid include: With virtualization, individual resources e. Virtualization means breaking hard-coded connections between providers and consumers of resources, and preparing a resource to serve a particular need without the consumer caring how that is accomplished.
With provisioning, when consumers request resources through a virtualization layer, behind the scenes a specific resource is identified to fulfill the request and then it is allocated to the consumer. Provisioning as part of grid computing means that the system determines how to meet the specific need of the consumer, while optimizing operation of the system as a whole.
The specific ways in which information, application or infrastructure resources are virtualized and provisioned are specific to the type of resource, but the concepts apply universally. Similarly, the specific benefits derived from grid computing are particular to each type of resource, but all share the characteristics of better quality, lower costs and increased flexibility.
Virtualization and provisioning of infrastructure resources mean pooling resources together and allocating to the appropriate consumers based on policies. For example, one policy might be to dedicate enough processing power to a web server that it can always provide sub-second response time.
That rule could be fulfilled in different ways by the provisioning software in order to balance the requests of all consumers. Treating infrastructure resources as a single pool and allocating those resources on demand saves money by eliminating under utilized capacity and redundant capabilities.
Managing hardware and software resources holistically reduces the cost of labor and the opportunity for human error. Spreading computing capacity among many different computers and spreading storage capacity across multiple disks and disk groups removes single points of failure so that if any individual component fails, the system as a whole remains available.
Furthermore, grid computing affords the option to use smaller individual hardware components, such as blade servers and low cost storage, which enables incremental scaling and reduces the cost of each individual component, thereby giving companies more flexibility and lower cost.This document provides an introduction for UK businesses to the eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) data format and Inline XBRL (iXBRL), the standard form of presentation of business.
§ (Item 10) General. (3)Investor understanding. (i) When management chooses to include its projections in a Commission filing, the disclosures accompanying the projections should facilitate investor understanding of the basis for and limitations of projections.
In this regard investors. Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): Core Abstract. The Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP) is an application profile of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) that enables the near-real-time exchange of structured yet extensible data between any .
The AICPA supports the use of Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL), or data tagging, for reporting of financial and other data. The Institute believes that users of financial and other business information benefit from data tagging because interactive data allows for easier access to more transparent information.
The US GAAP Financial Reporting Taxonomy Including Taxonomy Disclosure Templates can be accessed through the entry point provided below. US GAAP Financial Reporting Taxonomy Including Taxonomy Disclosures Templates.
"Taxonomy" means in XBRL, an electronic dictionary for reporting the business data as approved by the Central Government in respect of any documents or forms indicated in the Companies (Filing of Documents and Forms in Extensible Business Reporting Language) Rules,