Often used as both criteria and as values in LD, these are two time-honored philosophical positions that apply to a wide variety of topics. All LD debaters need to be familiar with these competing philosophies in order to be consistently successful in competition.
The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here.
Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: Utilitarianism also called consequentialism is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill There are several varieties of utilitarianism.
But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act e. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good e.
In sum, according to utilitarianism, morality is a matter of the nonmoral good produced that results from moral actions and rules, and moral duty is instrumental, not intrinsic. Morality is a means to some other end; it is in no way an end in itself. Space does not allow for a detailed critique of utilitarianism here.
Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective. One main problem is that utilitarianism, if adopted, justifies as morally appropriate things that are clearly immoral. For example, utilitarianism can be used to justify punishing an innocent man or enslaving a small group of people if such acts produce a maximization of consequences.
But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense.
The rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is, at least in part, a matter of the intrinsic moral features of that kind of act or rule. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things.
This does not mean that consequences of acts are not relevant for assessing those acts. For example, a doctor may have a duty to benefit a patient, and he or she may need to know what medical consequences would result from various treatments in order to determine what would and would not benefit the patient.
But consequences are not what make the act right, as is the case with utilitarianism. Rather, at best, consequences help us determine which action is more in keeping with what is already our duty.
Consequences help us find what is our duty, they are not what make something our duty. Second, humans should be treated as objects of intrinsic moral value; that is, as ends in themselves and never as a mere means to some other end say, overall happiness or welfare. As we will see in Part Two, this notion is very difficult to justify if one abandons the theological doctrine of man being made in the image of God.
Nevertheless, justified or unjustified, deontological ethics imply that humans are ends in themselves with intrinsic value. Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation.
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Do you like what you are seeing? Your partnership is essential.applied-ethics definition: Noun (plural applied ethics) 1. (ethics) The branch of ethics that examines questions of moral right and wrong arising in specific areas of practical concern, as, for example, in medicine or business.
Apr 15, · Best Answer: Okay, I'm taking a minute to research. I'm normally anti-utilitarianism, but I've had much experience debating so I can get both sides of an issue.
I'm going to have a couple questions for plombier-nemours.com: Resolved.
Stogdill leadership research paper adversary system essay utilitarianism view on environmental ethics essays borderlands la frontera gloria anzaldua essay (importance of education in the united states essay). How to write introduction in a compare and contrast essay how to cite newspaper article in research paper cyber essays website. Apr 15, · Best Answer: Okay, I'm taking a minute to research. I'm normally anti-utilitarianism, but I've had much experience debating so I can get both sides of an issue. I'm going to have a couple questions for plombier-nemours.com: Resolved. The following is an excerpt from article DE from the Christian Research Institute. The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. Ethics Theories- Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Utilitarianism (also .
Precisely. By hiding the pain of the individual, you lose quite a lot. The loss of names was a great illustration of it, but also spoiler spoiler (I assume that’s specific enough for people in the loop, as regards which spoiler might refer to loss of identity). Utilitarian Ethics Deontology Virtue Ethics Ethics of Care Egoism Religion or Divine Command Theory Natural Law Social Contract Theory would be wrong in Kant’s view regardless of the outcome because the coercion did not allow the other party to consent to the act.
Cyber Ethics Deontologist Versus Utilitarian View on “Net Neutrality” Essay Cyber Ethics Deontologist versus utilitarian view on “Net Neutrality” The internet has already changed the way that the world operates today.
Committing to an Ethical View Becoming an Ethical Professional Making a Difference in the Business World Back Matter A deontologist would argue that you should adhere to particular duties in performing your actions, regardless of the parties with whom you interact.
utilitarianism; virtue ethics;.