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National Library of Australia, an Free trade While tariffs provided the colonial governments with much revenue, they restricted trade and movement between the colonies. Tariffs increased the cost of goods and made it hard for manufacturers based outside a colony to compete with local producers.
Each colony had its own militia consisting of a small permanent force and volunteers, but they all relied on the British navy to periodically patrol the vast Australian coastline.
Increasingly, people feared the Australian colonies could be vulnerable to attack from nations such as Germany, France and Russia who had already colonised parts of the Pacific. Alfred Deakin, then Chief Secretary of Victoria, warned: The argument that a united defence force could better protect Australia was strengthened by a report released in by British Major-General Sir J.
It found that the colonies did not have enough soldiers, arms or even ammunition to adequately defend themselves. The report recommended a federal or centralised defence force be established. These anxieties stemmed partly from anti-Chinese sentiment dating back to the gold-fields of the s.
Racial conflict was seen as an inevitable consequence of a multicultural society. It was felt a national government would be in a better position than the colonies to restrict and control immigration.
National Pride View Sporting union predated federation in a lightbox style window Sporting union predated federation. In an intercolonial cricket team represented Australia in the first test match against England. In this cartoon the umpire tells the Australian cricket team: Photo Dragi Markovic Colonists mostly shared a common language, culture and heritage, and increasingly began to identify as Australian rather than British.
In fact, by the time of federation over three-quarters of the population were Australian-born.
Many people moved between the colonies to find work and sporting teams had begun to represent Australia. In soldiers from the colonies who went to the Boer War in South Africa served together as Australians. The shift was apparent in contemporary songs and poems which celebrated Australia and Australians.Australia became a nation on 1 January when six British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the .
Notes Ideas Ideas Ideas Why did Australia became a federation? Step 1 The Chinese Pest This type of opinion-based source is a cartoon first created by an unknown artist, who is obviously quite educated for the time, and published in the 'Melbourne Punch', on 10 May Basically, when Australia became a federation in the establishment of the white Australia policy could actually be done as there was now one SINGLE government controlling immigration.
It could be argued that Australia becoming a Federation was a stupid thing to do but most people agree that it was a great idea. In the next few paragraphs, the reasons how and why Australia became a Federation will be discussed.
This process is known as federation. Australia's federation came about through a process of deliberation, consultation and debate, unlike many other nations that unified as a result of war or conflict. Federation of Australia There was support for the idea in official circles in Britain, especially after the Canadian colonies federated in The first practical step towards federation was the creation of the Federal Council of Australasia in